Pvt David C Davey
David C Davey name: Davey, David C
aka:  Davy, David C 
Rank: Pvt 
Branch: Union 
Regiment: 12th Independent Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery
Cemetery: Oakhill Cemetery, Janesville, Rock, Wisconsin 
Sec-plot: 171-8-8 
Service: 9/1/1863 - 10/5/1865
Birth: 1846 Canada
Death: 10/5/1864 Allatoona, Bartow, Georgia
Notes: KIA
Memorial stone with his brother Daniel. 1860 Dunkirk, Dane, Wisconsin census states he was born in Canada
Taken prisoner Sept. 3, 1864, released, died Oct. 5, 1864, at Allatoona, Georgia, buried at the Marietta National Cemetery, SECTION C SITE 1860,2025 MOUNT CARMEL CHURCH LANE CANTON, GA 
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The American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP), 2007

October 5, 1864
Franklin-Nashville Campaign
Principal Commanders: Brig. Gen. John M. Corse [US]; Maj. Gen. Samuel G. French [CS]
Forces Engaged: One brigade (1,944 men) [US]; one division (approx. 2,000 men) [CS]
Estimated Casualties: 1,505 total (US 706; CS 799)

After the fall of Atlanta, Hood moved northward to threaten the Western & Atlantic Railroad, Sherman’s supply line. He attacked a number of minor garrisons and damaged track during October 2-4. Sherman sent reinforcements, John M. Corse’s brigade to Allatoona just before the Rebels attacked there. Maj. Gen. Samuel G. French’s Confederate division arrived near Allatoona at sunrise on the 5th. After demanding a surrender and receiving a negative reply, French attacked. The Union outer line survived a sustained two and a half hour attack, but then fell back and regrouped in an earthen Star fort of Allatoona Pass. French repeatedly attacked, but the fort held. The Rebels began to run out of ammunition, and reports of arriving Union reinforcements influenced them to move off and rejoin Hood’s force.

Marietta National Cemetery is home to one of five monumental masonry archways that originally served as the formal entrance to national cemeteries found in the South. Three are managed by NCA: Marietta, Ga., built 1883; Chattanooga, Tenn., built ca.1880; and Nashville, Tenn., built ca.1870. These Roman-inspired structures are approximately 35 feet high with Doric columns, a pair of ornamental iron gates, and inscriptions above. The two other memorial arches are found at Arlington National Cemetery, built 1879, and Vicksburg National Cemetery, ca. 1880, properties managed by the Department of Defense and National Park Service, respectively.

During the Civil War, forces under the command of General William Tecumseh Sherman moved in and occupied the town. For the next five months, federal troops held the city under siege. In November 1854, troops commanded by Union General Hugh Kilpatrick set the town on fire before embarking on their infamous March to the Sea.

Originally known as the Marietta and Atlanta National Cemetery, the Marietta National Cemetery was established in 1866 to provide a suitable resting place for the nearly 10,000 Union dead from Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign. Henry Cole, a local merchant who remained loyal to the Union throughout the war, offered land for a burial ground for both Union and Confederate dead. His hope was that by honoring those who had fallen together, others might learn to live in peace. Unfortunately, both sides clung to their bitterness and neither North nor South would accept Cole’s offer toward reconciliation. When this effort failed, 24 acres were offered to General George H. Thomas for use of a national cemetery. In 1867 a second offer of land by Cole was accepted and a subsequent purchase of additional acreage in 1870 brought the cemetery to its present size of a little over 23 acres.

The cemetery site was, at one time, the proposed location of the capital of the Confederate States of America. The same Henry Cole who had attempted to donate his land for the national cemetery had refused an offer of $50,000 for the property because he expected to put it to a better purpose. In recognition of Cole’s gift, the government made express provision that a burial plat be set-aside for members of his family. Cole died April 18,1875, and was buried in what is now called the Cole Plot.

Daniel Webster Cole, son of the land donor, lived for many years in the family home across the street from the cemetery. A construction engineer, he drew the first map of the cemetery, which was later the basis for official layouts. The original sections of the cemetery were arranged in concentric circles around a flagstaff with paths radiating through the circles. The first interments were the remains of soldiers who had been buried where they fell. A granite memorial arch at the cemetery gate is inscribed: “Here rest the remains of 10,312 Officers and Soldiers who died in defense of the Union 1861-1865.” Marietta National Cemetery was laid out by Union Army Chaplain Thomas B. Van Horne, who also laid out the Chattanooga National Cemetery. One of the national cemeteries constructed between 1861-1869, the design for Marietta National Cemetery was the most ornate and elaborate of its era.

Marietta National Cemetery was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on Sept. 18, 1998.

Source: Dept. of Veterans Affairs

  12th Independent Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery1

Organized at St. Louis, Mo., under authority of Governor Harvey, as a Company for the 1st Missouri Light Artillery, to be known as the 12th Wisconsin Battery February and March, 1862. Moved to Hamburg Landing, Tenn., May 6, 1862. Attached to Artillery Division, Army of Mississippi, to September, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, Army of Mississippi, to November, 1862. Artillery, 7th Division, Left Wing, 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. Artillery, 7th Division, 16th Army Corps, to January, 1863. Artillery, 7th Division, 17th Army Corps, to September, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 17th Army Corps, to December, 1863. Artillery, 3rd Division, 15th Army Corps, to September, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 15th Army Corps, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.-Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., May 8-30, 1862. Pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 6. At Camp Clear Creek till August. Ordered to Jacinto August 14. Battle of Iuka , Miss., September 19. Battle of Corinth, Miss., October 3-4. Pursuit to Ripley October 5-12. At Corinth till November 8. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign. Operations on the Mississippi Central Railroad November, 1862, to January, 1863. Duty at Germantown, Tenn., January 4 to February 8, 1863. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., February 8; thence to Grand Lake, Ark. Yazoo Pass Expedition and operations against Fort Pemberton and Greenwood March 13-April 5. Moved to Milliken's Bend, La., April 16. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Battle of Port Gibson , Miss., May 1 (Reserve). Battles of Raymond May 12. Jackson May 14. Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg , Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Surrender of Vicksburg July 4. Duty at Vicksburg till September. Moved to Helena, Ark., September 12; thence to Memphis, Tenn., September 27. March to Chattanooga, Tenn., October 6-November 20. Operations on Memphis & Charleston Railroad in Alabama October 20-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 24-25. Mission Ridge November 25. Duty at Bridgeport, Ala., till December 22; at Larkinsville till January 7, 1864, and at Huntsville, Ala., till June 22. March to Kingston, Ga., June 22-30, and duty there till July 13. Moved to Allatoona, Ga., July 13, and duty there till November 12. Repulse of French's attack on Allatoona October 6. Reconnoissance from Rome on Cave Springs Road and skirmishes October 12-13. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Combahee River, S. C., January 28. Hickory Hill February 1. South Edisto River February 9. North Edisto River February 12-13. Congaree Creek February 15. Columbia February 16-17. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 19-21. Near Falling Creek March 20. Mill Creek March 22. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Mustered out June 26, 1865.

Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 10 Enlisted men killed and mortaily wounded and 23 Enlisted men by disease. Total 34.

1 Source: National Park Service, Soldiers and Sailors System; "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer,Cosmas; An Army for Empire : The United States Army in the Spanish American War by A. Graham, (Shippensburg, PA: White Mane Publishing Co., 1993).

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