Pvt Elijah C Davey
Elijah C Davey name: Davey, Elijah C
aka:  Davy, Elijah C 
Rank: Pvt 
Branch: Union 
Regiment: 12th Independent Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery
Cemetery: Oakhill Cemetery, Janesville, Rock, Wisconsin 
Sec-plot: 285-7-06 
Service: 1/4/1864 - 6/7/1865
Birth: 4/10/1845 Canada
Death: 2/2/1921 Janesville, Rock, Wisconsin
Notes: Taken prisoner Sept 3 1864 in Altoona. Son of George and Jane. His brothers David and Daniel both died in the civil war, David in Altoona. 
 
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Janesville Daily Gazette
Dec 28 1864

Exchanged--Among the 10,000 prisoners recently exchanged at Charleston South Carolina, were the following members of the Wisconsin 12th Battery, who arrived here this morning.

Andrew Watts, George Slawson, E.C. Davy, John Dawton, Peter Crom. They were confined with 11,000 other, at Florence, South Carolina. They assert that while held as prisoners, they were subjected to every kind of cruelty amd insults by the rebel authorities. J.B. Danfield, also of the Battery, who was captured with the above, a short time previous to the exchange, gave his parole of honor and went to work for the rebels in a shoe shop, was not exchanged

below seems to imply that Elijah may have first gone to Andersonville

Florence Stockade
Dept. of Veteran Affairs, Sept 2007

During the Civil War, one of the largest prisoners of war camps was located in Florence, South Carolina, just south of the Florence National Cemetery. In the late summer and early fall of 1864, as the Federals under Major General William Tecumseh Sherman prepared to leave Atlanta for their march across Georgia to the sea, thousands of Federal prisoners of war were suffering and dying in a stockade in south Georgia. Fearing that Shermanís men might attempt to free the Union prisoners then held at Andersonville, Confederate prisoners took steps to en-sure that such an attempt would fail. All Federal prisoners who were well enough to travel were sent to Savannah and Charleston. Thousands were sent to Charleston in early September, where they were crowded on the grounds of the city jail and on a race course. Additional prisoners came in daily, despite protests by Major General Samuel Jones, commander of the makeshift camp. The number of Federals held in the city soon exceeded 7,000. An outbreak of yellow fever, which threatened to reach epidemic proportions in the city, further alarmed Jones. On September 12, 1864, he sent an officer to Florence to supervise the construction, by slave labor, of a prison stockade there.

In the fall of 1864, Florence was significant primarily as the junction of three railroads, which would facilitate the transportation of both prisoners and supplies. The prison site was located about a mile to a mile and a half southeast of Florence in an abandoned field which was surrounded by small pines, marshes, and swamps, with a small creek intersecting the stockade at about two-thirds of its length. Some 23 acres were eventually used for the stockade and grounds; a report would later state that nearly a third of the area was swampy and unfit for use.

The stockade was modeled after the one at Andersonville, in which heavy timbers were set upright three to four feet in the ground to form an enclosure. When completed, the enclosure was 1,400 feet long and 725 feet wide. An earthen rampart was constructed against the stockadeís outer wall to serve as a walkway for guards, about three feet below the top of the wall, and a ditch five feet deep and seven feet wide was dug just beyond the rampart. A dead line was marked some ten or twelve feet inside the walls of the stockade, by a ditch, a fence, or by an imaginary line. Guards were instructed to shoot, without question, any prisoner crossing that line.

Major Frederick F. Warley of the 2nd South Carolina Artillery, a veteran of the siege of Charleston and a recently exchanged prisoner from a Federal prison himself, was assigned to command the new stockade and camp. The first group of Federal prisoners arrived at Florence on September 15; however, work on the stockade had barely begun. The prisoners were herded together in an open field and guarded by just over 100 troops. When the guards allowed a few prisoners to gather firewood, a general rush was made, and guards were knocked down in all directions. As many as a few hundred prisoners escaped. Some made their way to the North, although most of them were recaptured. Warley telegraphed frantically for support. A detail of cavalry and a battery of artillery were eventually sent to his aid, and he was able to get the stockade completed enough in a few days to hold his prisoners.

Warley was soon replaced by Colonel George P. Harrison, Jr. of the 32nd Georgia Infantry, who had commanded his regiment since 1862 and had fought in South Carolina for most of the war. By the end of September, some 12,000 Federals were at Florence, many of them ill from their stays at Andersonville and at Charleston. The rations which were most often distributed to the prisoners were molasses, cornbread, and rice, with an occasional ration of beef or pork. The prisoners had no utensils to cook or eat with at first, and many of the sick became still more weak. Male nurses made rude shelters from the boughs of pine trees to shelter the sick prisoners from the sunny days and cool nights. Some prisoners had worn out the clothes issued to them at Charleston and were nearly naked. Confederate authorities were aware of these problems and attempted to correct them while struggling to keep order in the stockade and camp. Deaths in the camp were estimated at 30 a day by this time.

Harrison, after commanding the prison for a short time, rejoined his regiment in the field. He was succeeded in December by Lieutenant Colonel John F. Iverson of the 5th Georgia Infantry. He had been in charge of the prisoners on the race course in Charleston. Iversonís chief subordinate, Captain James B. Barrett, was in the actual day-to-day command of the stockade.

In November, Brigadier General John Henry Winder was given command of all Confederate prisons east of the Mississippi River and also given authority to enforce his orders. By December 1864, when he made an inspection visit to the Florence stockade, conditions had worsened to the extent that he recommended the prisonersí removal to a more secure and more healthy place. He became increasingly concerned for the survival of the Confederate prisoners in the Carolinas in late 1864 and early 1865. Winder proposed the wholesale parole of the prisoners whose terms of United States service had expired. His proposal was not approved, so he suggested several possible sites for new prisons while still attempting to improve conditions in the prisons under his command. Winder died of a heart attack on February 6, while on an inspection visit to Florence.

Colonel Henry Forno, who had been an inspector general under Winderís supervision, became commander of Confederate prisons in South Carolina. He complained in an inspection report that the guards at Florence were inefficient and stated that the quantity and quality of rations fed to the Federal prisoners needed to be improved. In spite of constant pleas, the Confederate authorities were unable to increase the rations.

As Shermanís forces advanced into South Carolina and neared Columbia in mid-February, the military situation was critical. All the prisoners who were well enough had to be removed from Florence and sent to some safer place. It was finally decided that the able-bodied Federals would be sent to Greensboro for exchange, while the sick prisoners would be sent to Wilmington for exchange. The first group of Federals left Florence on February 15 and, by the end of the month, the stockade was evacuated. It had only been in use for four and one-half months.

Estimates of the number of prisoners who died in the Florence stockade range as high as 5,900, the number claimed by a bitter ex-prisoner in his memoirs. The best figure which can now be determined from the extant records, however, is about 2,800.


  12th Independent Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery1

Organized at St. Louis, Mo., under authority of Governor Harvey, as a Company for the 1st Missouri Light Artillery, to be known as the 12th Wisconsin Battery February and March, 1862. Moved to Hamburg Landing, Tenn., May 6, 1862. Attached to Artillery Division, Army of Mississippi, to September, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, Army of Mississippi, to November, 1862. Artillery, 7th Division, Left Wing, 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. Artillery, 7th Division, 16th Army Corps, to January, 1863. Artillery, 7th Division, 17th Army Corps, to September, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, 17th Army Corps, to December, 1863. Artillery, 3rd Division, 15th Army Corps, to September, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 15th Army Corps, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.-Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., May 8-30, 1862. Pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 6. At Camp Clear Creek till August. Ordered to Jacinto August 14. Battle of Iuka , Miss., September 19. Battle of Corinth, Miss., October 3-4. Pursuit to Ripley October 5-12. At Corinth till November 8. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign. Operations on the Mississippi Central Railroad November, 1862, to January, 1863. Duty at Germantown, Tenn., January 4 to February 8, 1863. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., February 8; thence to Grand Lake, Ark. Yazoo Pass Expedition and operations against Fort Pemberton and Greenwood March 13-April 5. Moved to Milliken's Bend, La., April 16. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Battle of Port Gibson , Miss., May 1 (Reserve). Battles of Raymond May 12. Jackson May 14. Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg , Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Surrender of Vicksburg July 4. Duty at Vicksburg till September. Moved to Helena, Ark., September 12; thence to Memphis, Tenn., September 27. March to Chattanooga, Tenn., October 6-November 20. Operations on Memphis & Charleston Railroad in Alabama October 20-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 24-25. Mission Ridge November 25. Duty at Bridgeport, Ala., till December 22; at Larkinsville till January 7, 1864, and at Huntsville, Ala., till June 22. March to Kingston, Ga., June 22-30, and duty there till July 13. Moved to Allatoona, Ga., July 13, and duty there till November 12. Repulse of French's attack on Allatoona October 6. Reconnoissance from Rome on Cave Springs Road and skirmishes October 12-13. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Combahee River, S. C., January 28. Hickory Hill February 1. South Edisto River February 9. North Edisto River February 12-13. Congaree Creek February 15. Columbia February 16-17. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 19-21. Near Falling Creek March 20. Mill Creek March 22. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Mustered out June 26, 1865.

Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 10 Enlisted men killed and mortaily wounded and 23 Enlisted men by disease. Total 34.

1 Source: National Park Service, Soldiers and Sailors System; "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer,Cosmas; An Army for Empire : The United States Army in the Spanish American War by A. Graham, (Shippensburg, PA: White Mane Publishing Co., 1993).

 
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