Brig. General Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Howard Ruger name: Ruger, Thomas Howard
Rank: Brig. General 
Branch: Union 
Regiment: Co. F&S, 3rd Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry
Cemetery: United States Military Academy Post Cemetery, West Point, Orange, New York 
Sec-plot: 26-C-29 
Service: 8/10/1861 - 4/2/1897
Birth: 4/2/1833 Lima, Peru, New York
Death: 6/3/1907 Stamford, Fairfield, Connecticut
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Thomas Howard Ruger

Ruger, Thomas Howard 1833 - 1907
Definition: lawyer, army officer, b. Lima, N.Y. He moved with his parents to Wisconsin in 1844, settling in Janesville. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. (1854), was breveted 2nd lieutenant, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and served briefly in Louisiana before resigning his commission in 1855. Returning to Janesville, Ruger studied law, was admitted to the bar, and from 1857 to 1861 practiced law in Janesville. During the Civil War, he served with the 3rd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry as lieutenant colonel (1861), colonel (1861-1863), and in Apr., 1863, was promoted to brigadier general, with rank from Nov., 1862. Ruger participated in the Maryland and Shenandoah operation (1861-1862), the Rappahannock and Pennsylvania campaigns (1862-1863), the Atlanta and Tennessee campaigns (1864), and the North Carolina campaign (1865). He was wounded at Antietam, Sept. 17, 1862, and in 1864 was breveted major general, U.S. Volunteers, for gallantry at the battle of Franklin. He was mustered out of volunteer service, Sept. 1, 1866, having been reappointed a colonel in the regular army the previous July. Ruger remained in the regular army until his retirement, Apr. 2, 1897, having been promoted to brigadier general, Mar. 19, 1886, and to major general, Feb. 8, 1895. He did not return to Wisconsin, but held various commands throughout the U.S., and from 1871 to 1876 was superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. After retiring in 1897, he resided in Stamford, Conn., until his death. Dict. Amer. Biog.; W. D. Love, Wis. in War of Rebellion (Chicago, 1866); Milwaukee Sentinel, June 4, 1907; WPA field notes.

Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin biography

  3rd Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry1

Organized at Fond du Lac, Wis., and mustered in June 19, 1861. Ordered to Hagerstown, Md., July 12; thence to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., July 18. Attached to Hamilton's Brigade, Patterson's ArOrganized at Fond du Lac, Wis., and mustered in June 19, 1861. Ordered to Hagerstown, Md., July 12; thence to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., July 18. Attached to Hamilton's Brigade, Patterson's Army, to October, 1861. Stiles' Brigade, Banks' Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Banks' 5th Army Corps, to April, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Shenandoah, to June, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1863, and Army of the Cumberland, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to July, 1865.

SERVICE.-Moved to Darnestown August 18, 1861; thence to Frederick, Md., September 12, and duty there till February 25, 1862. Action at Harper's Ferry. W. Va, October 11, 1861 (Cos. "A," "C" and "H"). Bolivar Heights October 16 (Cos. "A," "C" and "H"). March to Sandy Hook February 25, 1862. Occupation of Winchester, Va., March 12. Advance toward Manassas March 22-25. Battle of Winchester March 23 (Co. "A"). Advance from Strasburg to Woodstock and Edenburg April 1-2. Edenburg April 1-2. Operations in the Shenandoah Valley till June 17. Buckton Station May 23 (Co. "G"). Middletown and Newtown May 24. Winchester May 25. Retreat to Martinsburg May 26-June 6. Duty at Front Royal till July 6, and at Little Washington till August 6. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Guard trains of the army during Battles of Manassas August 27-30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Duty at Maryland Heights till October 30, and in the Defences of the Upper Potomac at Antietam Iron Works till December 10. March to Fairfax Station and duty there till January 3, 1863. Moved to Stafford Court House January 18, and duty there till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Germania Ford April 29. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. Duty in New York during draft disturbances August 16-September 5. Movement to Bridgeport, Ala., September 24-October 3. At Stevenson, Ala., and Decherd, Tenn., guarding railroad till December. Regiment veteranized December 21, 1863. Veterans on furlough December 25, 1863, to February 9, 1864. At Fayetteville, Tenn., till April 28. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Cassville May 19. New Hope Church May 25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas , New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25 - June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Gilgal or Golgotha Church June 15. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Kolb's Farm June 22. Assault on Kenesaw Mountain June 27. Ruff's Station July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge August 26-September 2. Occupation of Atlanta September 2-November 15. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Montieth Swamp December 9. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Robertsville, S. C., January 29. Taylor's Hole Creek, Aversyboro , N. C., March 16. Battle of Bentonville March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 19. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June 11-16, and there mustered out July 18, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 158 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 OfficerS and 113 Enlisted men by disease. Total 282.

1 Source: National Park Service, Soldiers and Sailors System; "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer,Cosmas; An Army for Empire : The United States Army in the Spanish American War by A. Graham, (Shippensburg, PA: White Mane Publishing Co., 1993).

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