Pvt Charles E Brown
Charles E Brown name: Brown, Charles E
aka:  Brown, Charles A 
Rank: Pvt 
Branch: Union 
Regiment: Co. D, 2nd Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry
Cemetery: Oakhill Cemetery, Janesville, Rock, Wisconsin 
Sec-plot: 91-11 
Service: -
Birth: 32 y 9m 4d New York
Death: 7/21/1861 Battle of Bull Run, Manassas, Virginia
Notes: The headstone reads ‘’Charles A Brown, Co, M, 1st Reg., Heav. Art.’’. The Oakhill cemetery index provided by the WSHS and the RCGS show Charles died 1/4/1862. Both of these are in error.

Charles A Brown of the 1st Heav. Art. is still alive in 1880 and company M didn’t exist until October, 1864. Charles A Brown mustered out in 1865, three years after the above records claimed he died.

On Feb 7 1862 a letter dated 1/25/1862 from Capt. George B Ely of Janesville was published in the Weekly Gazette and Free Press (Janesville) stating that Pvt Charles E Brown and several of his comrades had been killed in action. If you read the article and simply look for dates you will find the day of the week mentioned rather than the date. If you read the letter in it’s entirety, you’ll see that Capt. Ely was talking about the 1st battle of Bull Run that took place on 7/21/1861, a Sunday which is the same day mentioned in the article. The Wisconsin muster rolls show Pvt. Charles E Brown of the WI 2nd Infantry, Capt Ely’s company, died that very day. If you calculate the date for ‘’Sunday’’ based off dates of the article rather than its content, you end up with the date cut into the headstone and in the Oakhill card index. The 1860 census does show Charles E Brown was born about 1829 and his death record indicates he was 32y, 9m, 4d, obviously this is Charles E Brown, not Charles A Brown.

This stone is not an original government issued stone. It is the modern day cut. It's obvious that the facts were not checked before it was cut. Since the cemetery index has an incorrect date, that would be understandable but not the wrong name and regiment of the deceased. Chances are this is a memorial stone as the remains of most enlisted were not brought home. It's ashame that it has the wrong man's history on it. 
 
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The 1st battle of Bull Run (known to the Conderates as the first battle of Manassas) was the first real major conflict of the American Civil War. It began on July 21, 1861.

The Union army, consisting of 28,000 men, commanded by General McDowell, fought 33,000 Confederates under General Beauregard. The Union army, under pressure to crush the rebellion in the South, marched towards Richmond, but met the Confederate forces coming north from Manassas, a Southern base. In the five hour battle 2,900 union soldiers and 2,000 confederate soldiers were were killed, wounded, captured, or missing. It was a victory for the south but gave the north a feeling of revenge.


  2nd Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry1

Organized at Madison, Wis., and mustered in June 11, 1861. Moved to Washington, D. C., June 20-25. Attached to Sherman's Brigade, Tyler's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Fort Corcoran, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. King's Brigade, McDowell's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd BrigadOrganized at Madison, Wis., and mustered in June 11, 1861. Moved to Washington, D. C., June 20-25. Attached to Sherman's Brigade, Tyler's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Fort Corcoran, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. King's Brigade, McDowell's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. 3rd Brigade, King's Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps, to August, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to October, 1864.

SERVICE.-Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21, 1861. Occupation of Fairfax Court House July 17. Action at Blackburn's Ford July 18. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Duty at Fort Corcoran, Defences of Washington, D. C., till August 27. Camp at Meridian Hill and duty at Fort Tillinghast till March, 1862. Reconnoissance to Lewinsville, Va., September 25, 1861. (Co. "K" transferred to 1st Wisconsin Heavy Artillery December 9, 1861. A new Co. "K" organized,December 20, 1861.) Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-16, 1862. Advance to Falmouth March 18-April 23. Woodstock April 1. McDowell's advance on Richmond May 25-29. Operations against Jackson June 2-11. Reconnoissance to Orange Court House July 24-26. Expedition to Frederick's Hall Station and Spottsylvania Court House August 5-8. Thornburg's Mills or Massapona Church August 5-6. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Catlett's Station August 21. Gainesville August 28. Battles of Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. Chantilly September 1 (Reserve). Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of South Mountain , Md., September 14, and Antietam , Md., September 16-17. At Sharpsburg, Md., till October 30. Advance to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 22. Battle of Fredericksburg , Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Belle Plains till April 27. Expedition from Belle Plains into Westmoreland County March 25-29. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Pollock's Mill Creek April 29-May 2. Fitzhugh's Crossing April 29-30. Battle of Chancellorsville May 2-5. Operations on Northern Neck May 20-26. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg , Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. Duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan till October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Haymarket October 19. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River May 3-June 15, 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12. Detached from Brigade May 11 and assigned to duty as Provost Guard, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps. Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Non-Veterans ordered to Madison, Wis., June 11, and there mustered out July 2, 1864. Veterans and Recruits consolidated to a Battalion of two Companies and assigned to duty as Provost Guard at Headquarters, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps, till September. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16 to November 30. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Boydton Plank Road , Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Battalion consolidated with 6th Wisconsin Infantry as Companies "G" and "H" November 30, 1864.

Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 228 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 77 Enlisted men by disease. Total 315.

1 Source: National Park Service, Soldiers and Sailors System; "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer,Cosmas; An Army for Empire : The United States Army in the Spanish American War by A. Graham, (Shippensburg, PA: White Mane Publishing Co., 1993).

 
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