Pvt Joseph Adelbert Jones
Joseph Adelbert Jones name: Jones, Joseph Adelbert
aka:  Jones, Joseph Bert 
Rank: Pvt 
Branch: Union 
Regiment: Co. E, 22nd Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry
Cemetery: Oakhill Cemetery, Janesville, Rock, Wisconsin 
Sec-plot: 75-7-4 
Service: 8/5/1862 - 12/24/1863
Birth: 18 y 6 m Ohio
Death: 12/24/1863 Nicholasville, Jessamine, Kentucky
Notes: Died of disease.  
 
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This is a memorial stone. Joseph is buried in plot D 0 1368, Camp Nelson National Cemetery, Nicholasville, Jessamine County, Kentucky. His stone in KY and burial records show he died and was buried 12/24/1863 as Joseph B. (Bert) Jones. The stone in Janesville is not an original stone as the crest is cut as a line into the stone as are the letters. Original govt. stones for this period had raised letters and the crest was recessed into the stone. As you will see from the history of the cemetery, neither it or the camp existed in 1862, the date carved into the stone in Janesville.

The Wisconsin muster rolls, which for the most part were created after the fact, also have his DOD incorrect. The field hospital at Nicholasville was one of the few field hospitals that kept accurate records for deaths and burials. The dead from most other military hospital cemeteries were moved to National cemeteries long after the war had ended and with no record of burials and only painted wooden headstones, many of the names of those men were lost to history and are now marked as ''unknown''.

Note: The Wisconsin muster rolls are from the rosters created in 1886, some 20 years after the war had ended and do not include the subsequent revisions made by the Wisconsin Adjutant General's Office after 1886. Also of note is the 1886 roster was not reconciled with the US Govt. records and for the most part, they never were. For soldiers who died during the war, or shortly after and had no widow, there was little reason to challenge the records as no one was applying for a pension.

Regarding the date of death for Joseph; the date as found in the Wisconsin muster rolls would have come from the Adjutant Generals’ records or the records of the company clerk. Many company clerks took their records home with them after the war and never returned possession of the documants to the state. If the clerks’ records for Co. E of the 22nd still exist, they would be the most accurate record owned by the State as opposed to the Federal Government. By the time the state (1886) used those reports to create the muster rolls, those documents were not in the best of shape and many were hard to read. I think that's probably how the error came about. Even though it's been a century and a half since the war ended, with documented proof, you can still submit corrections to the muster rolls. What isn't known is if the rolls after 1886, which included many corrections, have Joseph's date of death already corrected.
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Camp Nelson National Cemetery is located about seven miles southeast of Nicholasville in Jessamine County, Ky. In 1866, the U.S. government appropriated approximately eight acres here to establish a cemetery. Of the original tract, about seven acres became the cemetery proper and the remainder formed a driveway extending from the main entrance to the old Danville Turnpike. An additional acre was purchased in 1874 that adjoined the southeast corner of the cemetery.

During the Civil War, Camp Nelson had an important role in supplying the U.S. Army, caring for the sick and wounded and acting as an enlistment station for African-American soldiers. The post was established in 1863 and contained numerous shops for blacksmith work and the construction of wagons and ambulances, as well as buildings for storing supplies and artillery equipment. Camp Nelson included barracks, headquarters buildings and a 700-bed hospital. There were three types of medical facilities on the post: a hospital for military prisoners; an acute general hospital; and the rehabilitation unit. In addition, Camp Nelson served as a major center for the recruitment of black soldiers of the U.S. Colored Troops (USCT). After the war, the base was designated an official refugee camp by the federal government and placed under the direction of the Freemen’s Bureau.

By 1863, the Army had selected a small plot of land next to the hospital as a graveyard for the men who died at Camp Nelson. Life at the military camp was often harsh and men fell victim to disease and common illnesses. A total of 379 men were buried here, designated Graveyard No. 1, between June 1863 and July 1865. A second area, Graveyard No. 2, was later added; it is the present location of the national cemetery. According the cemetery records, approximately 1,180 men were buried here by February 1866.

After the end of the Civil War, the federal government initiated a program to locate and reinter Union dead in national cemeteries. As a result, in June and July 1868, a total of 2,023 remains were removed from areas in Kentucky such as Frankfort, Richmond, London and Covington and reinterred at Camp Nelson National Cemetery. Because of the camp’s significance as a USCT recruiting base, a large number of these soldiers are interred at Camp Nelson. The remains of Confederate prisoners of war originally buried at Camp Nelson National Cemetery were all removed, either to the Confederate lot in the cemetery at Nicholasville or local private cemeteries. With the exception of two graves removed from Covington and alleged to be Confederate soldiers, there are no Confederates interred at Camp Nelson.

The cemetery has been substantially expanded, although the historic section is enclosed by a stone wall and features a fully restored superintendent’s lodge built in 1870. Camp Nelson National Cemetery was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1998.

Source: Dept. of Veterans Affairs


  22nd Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry1

Organized at Racine, Wis., and mustered in September 2, 1862. Left State for Cincinnati, Ohio, September 16, thence moved to Covington, Ky., September 22. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of Kentucky, Dept. of the Obio, to November, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of Kentucky, to February, 1863. Coburn's Brigade, Baird's Division, Army of Kentucky, Dept. of the Cumberland, to June, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Reserve Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. Coburn's Unattached Brigade, Dept. of the Cumberland, to December, 1863. Post of Murfreesboro, District of Nashville, Dept. of the Cumberland, to January, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.-March from Covington to Georgetown, Lexington, Sandersville and Nicholasville October 7-November 13, 1862. Duty at Nicholasville till December 12. Moved to Danville, Ky., December 12 and duty there till January 26, 1863. Moved to Louisville, Ky., thence to Nashville, Tenn., January 26-February 7, 1863, and to Brentwood Station February 21, thence to Franklin. Reconnoissance toward Thompson's Station, Spring Hill, March 3-5. Action at Thompson's Station , March 4-5. (Nearly 200 of Regiment captured by Bragg's Cavalry forces under Van Dorn, nearly 18,000 strong.) Ordered to Brentwood Station March 8. Action at Little Harpeth, Brentwood, March 25. Regiment surrounded and surrendered to Forest. Exchanged May 5. Regiment reorganizing at St. Louis till June 12. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., June 12, thence to Franklin June 22; to Murfreesboro, Tenn., July 3, and garrison duty there till February, 1864. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., February 24, and duty there till April. March to Lookout Valley, Tenn., April 19-28. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Battle of Resaca , May 14-15. Cassville May 19. New Hope Church , May 25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creak and battles about Dallas , New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Gilgal or Golgotha Church June 15. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Kolb's Farm , June 22. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek , July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge August 26-September 2. Occupation of Atlanta September 2-November 15. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April 1865. Lawtonville, S. C., February 2. Taylor's Hole Creek, Averysboro, N. C., March 16. Battle of Bentonville, March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 19. Grand Review May 24. Mustered out June 12, 1865.

1 Source: National Park Service, Soldiers and Sailors System; "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer,Cosmas; An Army for Empire : The United States Army in the Spanish American War by A. Graham, (Shippensburg, PA: White Mane Publishing Co., 1993).

 
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